Quaker Universalist Conversations

“A common tongue,” by Craig Barnett

An excerpt from Transition Quaker

The following is excerpted from Craig Barnett’s 30 November 2014 post on his blog, Transition Quaker. Craig is a Quaker living in Sheffield (UK), and currently serving as an elder of Sheffield and Balby Area Quaker Meeting.

We recommend that visitors read the entire blog post here.

Some years ago, I used to attend a Catholic church in a run-down area of inner-city Liverpool. The congregation was a mix of White working-class locals, African and Eastern European asylum-seekers, people with learning disabilities from the L’Arche community, young L’Arche volunteers from numerous countries, and a sprinkling of elderly nuns, political activists and left-wing intellectuals.

All of these people, with their vastly different backgrounds and educational experience, could not be said to have identical beliefs…. What united this congregation…was more than just an agreement to kneel down at the altar rail together. They shared a common religious language, including the imagery and narrative of the Eucharist…. As they took part in the sacrament, they were united by their participation in a story that included, but was greater than, all of their personal interpretations.

Every religious tradition includes such a shared fund of stories and images. A shared language doesn’t imply uniformity of thought or belief. A common language offers a set of stories, images and concepts, without necessarily imposing a single perspective or interpretation….

It is this shared language that the Quaker community in Britain struggles with so much today. Instead of a common vocabulary we have a multitude of incompatible personal languages, often drawn from other spiritual or ideological traditions. In the absence of a shared repertoire of stories and images, we have no option but to resort to a continuous, and often unsuccessful, attempt to translate each others’ words into something else that has meaning for us….

Like Quaker meetings, Western Buddhist meditation classes are usually open to anyone who wants to attend them, without any requirement to adopt particular beliefs. A significant difference is that Buddhist groups are clear and explicit about the content of their teaching.

If an attender at a Buddhist group were to state that they didn’t like the word ‘meditation’ and preferred to spend the time thinking instead of watching their breath, they would be perfectly free to act in this way. The Buddhist community would be unlikely to recognise this attender as a practising Buddhist, however, and certainly wouldn’t alter the teaching to accommodate these objections.

By contrast, many Quakers see it as the duty of the meeting to accommodate everyone’s preferences, and to encourage everyone to interpret Quaker faith and practice in the way that is most congenial to them. Some Friends object to the language of ‘worship’, ‘discernment’ and ‘divine guidance’ because it does not fit with their rationalist intellectual conceptions. In many cases this leads to the shared language of the Quaker way being quietly dropped, and replaced with anodyne terms…

Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1526/1530–1569) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Without this shared language, what we can say to each other and to the world is reduced to a minimal vocabulary, largely drawn from the political and bureaucratic language of the dominant culture. This impoverished language leaves us few resources for expressing the distinctive teachings of the Quaker way and communicating the insights of Quaker experience.

The loss of a common language may also prevent us from engaging in core Quaker practices in mutually intelligible ways…. Without a shared language for meeting for worship it becomes simply a ‘format’ rather than a collective spiritual practice. The meeting can become a group of isolated individuals each on our own solitary spiritual journey, rather than a gathered people on a shared spiritual path.

A shared language need not be static or immune to development. Early Quakers developed a rich spiritual language, full of creative imagery. Much of it was drawn from the poetic language of the Bible, but used in creative ways to draw the imagination away from rigid, institutionalised and dogmatic interpretations….

Might we come to extend our vocabulary of spiritual practice and experience, to echo all the struggles and joys of contemporary life, while staying rooted in the collective wisdom of Quaker practice over many generations? What might such a revived common tongue sound like?

Image Source

Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1526/1530–1569) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


A fine article that accurately paints a picture of the grave weakness of contemporary Quakerism. I have attended Quaker meeting for years and have participated in four different meetings. It has been my experience that we have nothing in common other than a loose set of somewhat left-leaning social justice concerns. That doesn’t mean to say that real and valued friendships have not been formed. But the powerful mysticism that I read of in the early Quaker sources is absent. In the many years I have attended meeting, I have never once heard the word “God,” or “Spirit” or even “Inward Light” uttered in worship. The deep silence of communal meditation is one thing. But silence can also be a manifestation of the fact that, in the end, we really have nothing to say. Every meeting I have experienced is either dying out or stagnant. We have reduced spirituality down to the lowest possible denominator so as not to make anyone “uncomfortable.” And all we are left with is gathering together to celebrate the fact that we are gathering together. Not enough for many who are seeking the direct experience of the Divine in the fabled “gathered meeting” of old.
May be this is about Western Buddhist meditation, but it is a well known fact that Buddhism has changed over the age to accommodate different cultures. They do try very hard to transform reincarnation to some sort of universal consciousness. Anyway, it is a good idea to go back to a common source like the Tower of Babel. Just of interest in my search for the common source in martial arts, the concept of the classical elements came up as a common source for different cultures.
From Quaker Faith and Practice: Chapter 21 » 21.70 Suffering and healing Damaris Parker-Rhodes (1918–1986) studied Eastern mysticism and the holistic approach to health; her experience of cancer, of which she died, brought her fresh insights into the Christian symbols with which she had been brought up. "Following the operation all sense of God disappeared, and anyone who came to my bedside (and the love and visiting I received was one of the great treasures of my life) I asked to take my hand and mediate God’s love to me. In fact healing and prayer surrounded me on every hand, although I myself felt cut off in complete inner aridity except when actually held in the inner place by someone taking my hand and praying." (1985)
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